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During his quaestorship, he honed his skills in oratory. Gaius Gracchus and Grain Stores . [6] These decisions were a direct response to the Senate's actions in the aftermath of his brother Tiberius's murder. [24], Appian states that Gaius had arrived with an escort of body guards in a distressed state. Opimius, a staunch conservative and oligarchical man who wanted to restore power to the Senate, had garnered a significant following and stood poised to challenge Gaius directly. It could have either persuaded him to shy away from politics and public life entirely (or if he had any involvement at least to tow the senatorial line). [27], At Gaius' suggestion, Fulvius sent his youngest son Quintus to the Forum to speak to the Senate as a herald carrying a staff, which was only used when heralds approached enemies in times of war. Senatorially approved factional violence was now seeping into the mainstream as a legitimate way of removing one’s enemies. Appian adds that their homes were looted by their opponents. The death of Gaius Gracchus Tiberius’s brutal murder could have driven his younger brother to one of two choices. He then set about massacring thousands of Gracchan supporters, some 3,000 if we believe the ancient numbers, either butchered on the spot or executed after a series of sham trials over the coming days. Ready to start a riot they went out into the streets and started to become violent. Gaius at this point was taking refuge on the Aventine Hill. The Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, were Romans who both served as tribunes of the plebs between 133 and 121 BC. [4][dubious – discuss], In a further slight to the power of the Senate, Gaius changed physically how speeches were delivered from the Rostra. He set up two initial measures, the first of which prohibited a magistrate who had been deposed by the people from holding office a second time. bce—died 121 bce, Grove of Furrina, near Rome), Roman tribune (123–122 bce), who reenacted the agrarian reforms of his brother, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, and who proposed other measures to lessen the power of the senatorial nobility. This carries with it a whole new weight of the loss of traditional Roman morals. It can be supposed, however, that both the Gracchi brothers would have come into contact with powerful members of both the Claudii and Cornelii Scipiones factions.[1]. Gaius refused to guard himself with anything save a small dagger and his toga. Furthermore, he had used the Roman money that he had brought with him to this quaestorship to aid Sardinia, and had never used his position to line his own pockets. [5], Gaius' social reforms were far wider reaching than the reforms of his brother Tiberius. the land reform after Tiberius’s death, are holding. The Senate armed itself and commanded all the equestrians to arm themselves and two of their servants and assemble the next morning. Gaius's second bill established the right of the people to prosecute any magistrate who had exiled citizens without a trial. To keep up appearances, Opimius was made to stand trial for his slaughter of thousands. Gaius addressing the Concilium Plebis.. Gaius Sempronius Gracchus (154–121 BC) was a Roman Popularis politician in the 2nd century BC and brother of the reformer Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus.His election to the office of tribune in the years 123 BC and 122 BC and reformative policies while in office prompted a constitutional crisis and his death at the hands of the Roman Senate in 121 BC. Thusly, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus died in 133 B.C.E and opened the door for further political quarreling and … Gracchus, Gaius Sempronius (153-121 bc), Roman soldier and statesman, brother of Tiberius, whose murder he sought to avenge. Appian adds that when they initially hid, citizens were hesitant to give them away, but when the whole row was threatened to be burned down they were handed over to the mob. Gaius condemned the proposal, promising support for the Italians, but his image took a hit when he failed to uphold his promises and did not stop Fannius' lictors from dragging away a friend. He created a coalition of poor free men and equestrians who were willing to go along with his proposals. Whereas the Senate had arranged for a fixed sum to be paid directly to the state, excluding the Equites, Gracchus passed a measure changing the tax to a 10% tax on the lands of the province, the right of collecting which was auctioned off at Rome, thus naturally placing it in the hands of the Equites, since the Senators were banned from commerce, and the provincials were too distant. A new candidate emerged for the consulship, one Lucius Opimius, who had opposed Fannius for the consulship in 122 BC and been stymied by Gaius' machinations. Rome's censors auctioned off contracts for tax collection in Asia. As he left his home, his wife Licinia, daughter of Crassus, begged him not to go meet the same men who had murdered and dishonoured Tiberius Gracchus, knowing well enough that Gaius was to die that day. Drusus went to great pains to ensure he was never seen as the beneficiary, politically or economically, of his legislation but rather that he proposed his measures, backed by the Senate, to further benefit the people. [31], Statues were erected in Rome, the locations where they fell were consecrated as holy ground and the season's first fruits were offered as sacrifice. Reforms were being carried out too rapidly to please either the Senate or the patricians. Gaius Gracchus being who he was, it ended up being the latter. When Gaius proposed that all Latins should have equal voting rights, the Senate protested, but approved of Drusus' measure that no Latin would ever be beaten with rods. He was accused of unlawfully abandoning his post but won popular support when he pointed out that he had served twelve years - two more than the basic requirement - and had been quaestor for two years though legally only required to serve one. 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